Senin , 21 Juni 2021
kerangka menulis
Kerangka Menulis Dengan Konsep 5W+1H Penulisan artikel maupun penulisan berita memang harus selalu memperhatikan EYD yang benar. Namun disisi lain

Kerangka Menulis Dengan Konsep 5W+1H

Kerangka Menulis Dengan Konsep 5W+1H


Penulisan artikel maupun penulisan berita memang harus selalu memperhatikan EYD yang benar. Namun disisi lain pun penulisan artikel atau berita itu harus menggunakan dan memperhatikan konsep 5W+1H ini. Karena jika kita memperhatikan konsep ini maka tulisan akan terlihat seperti memiliki seni dan lebih terurut dalam menceritakan hal yang ingin diceritakan.

Konsep sederhana 5W+1H dapat kita uraikan seperti:

  1. W1 = What = Apa?

What adalah apa yang akan kita tulis, dan kita harus bisa menentukan “what” yang nantinya akan menjadi dasar 4W selanjutnya dan juga menjadi dasar dalam keseluruhan cerita yang akan dituliskan.

  1. W2 = Who = Siapa?

Who disini adalah tokoh utama yang terkait dengan What yang telah kita jabarkan sebelumnya. Who juga dapat lebih dari satu tokoh dan juga harus dijabarkan keterkaitannya. Jika tokoh yang lainnya tidak dikenal oleh pembaca, maka tugas penulis haruslah menjelaskan tokoh tersebut agar dapat terkait dengan W yang pertama (what).

Baca juga : Mengapa Kita Harus Menulis?

  1. W3 = When = Kapan?

When adalah waktu kejadian What. Kapannya kejadian akan memberikan informasi tambahan untuk para pembaca dan waktu kejadian pun dapat memberikan imajinasi bagi para pembaca agar mereka dapat masuk dalam imajinasi serta dapat masuk dalam alur cerita.

  1. W4 = Where = Dimana?

Where adalah tempat kejadian What. Tempat kejadian itu harus kita tuliskan karena, walaupun terlihat sepele tempat kejadian mempengaruhi imajinasi pembaca agar masuk dalam alur cerita yang kita buat. Hal ini pun perlu penjabaran yang memvisualisasikan tempat.

  1. W5 = Why = Kenapa?

Why adalah mengapa terjadinya What. Alasan-alasan mengapa hal itu dapat terjadi atau latar belakang terjadinya hal tersebut. Why disini dapat dikupas secara mendalam dan dapat dilakukan dengan opini-opini yang ada. Dapat menjadi menarik jika kita dapat menceritakannya secara detail.

H = How = Bagaimana

How adalah bagaimana What bisa terjadi. Kita harus menceritakan bagaimana lika-liku dan kronologi hal itu dapat terjadi. Jika kita mampu merangkai bagaimana kronologi itu dapat terjadi, maka kita akan membuat pembaca merasa melihat kejadian itu melalui tulisan kita.

Dengan konsep 5W+1H ini kita dapat merangkai cerita dengan baik. Selanjutnya adalah tinggal bagaimana kita mampu untuk menyusun dan merangkai kata demi kata, kalimat demi kalimat, untuk menjadi paraghraf dan cerita yang satu padu. Juga mampu membuat pembaca merasakan apa yang telah kita tulis.


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