Senin , 21 Juni 2021
Pengertian Pers, Media dan Jurnalistik serta Perbedaannya Kita semua pasti tahu istilah pers, media dan jurnalistik. Ketiga hal ini sering sekali

Pengertian Pers, Media dan Jurnalistik serta Perbedaannya

Pengertian Pers, Media dan Jurnalistik serta Perbedaannya

Kita semua pasti tahu istilah pers, media dan jurnalistik. Ketiga hal ini sering sekali disebutkan dalam keseharian kita, namun jarang ada yang mengetahui apa pengertian dari ketiga hal ini. Terlebih perbedaan pers, media dan jurnalistik, hal ini pasti sangat jarang kita ketahui.

Mari kita ulas tentang pengertian pers, media dan jurnalistik juga perbedaan ketiganya. Agar kita dapat mengetahui perbedaan ketiganya.

Pengertian Pers

Pers (press) secara bahasa artinya menekan atau mencetak. Istilah pers ini sering digunakan untuk media cetak yang proses hasilnya melalui percetakan. Karena ada “tekanan” dimesin cetak saat mencetaknya.

Secara istilah, pers merupakan segala jenis media publikasi yang dicetak (printed media, printed publications).

Pada perkembangannya, istilah pers saat ini digunakan untuk semua media massa, baik itu media cetak maupun media elektronik (radio/televisi). Media online atau Situs Berita yang sering bermunculan saat ini juga termasuk kategori pers.

Kini kita dapat mendefinisikan pers itu sebagai lembaga atau perusahaan yang bergerak dibidang pemberitaan, baik itu cetak, elektronik, maupun online.

Baca juga : Manfaat-manfaat Menulis

Pengertian Media

Media (jamak dari medium) adalah sarana atau perantara penyebarluasan informasi. Jika melalui proses cetak, disebut dengan media cetak. Namun, jika membutuhkan aliran listrik maka disebut media elektronik (radio/televisi).

Media adalah kependekan dari media massa (mass media), yakni sarana komunikasi massa atau sarana penyampaian pesan kepada orang banyak.

Pesan yang ada di media umumnya berupa berita (informasi aktual atau informasi tentang peristiwa yang baru saja terjadi), juga berupa gagasan, ide, pemikiran dan feature.

Pesan yang disampaikan di media pun bisa berupa gambar (foto), grafis, audio, dan video.

Pengertian Jurnalistik

Secara bahasa, jurnalistik adalah hal-ihwal pelaporan, yakni laporan mengenai peristiwa aktual, penting dan menarik.

Jurnalistik adalah aktivitas atau proses peliputan peristiwa, wawancara, pengumpulan data dan fakta, diolah atau dikelola, lalu disajikan dalam bentuk tulisan, audio, ataupun video. Produk atau karya jurnalistik yang sangat utama adalah berita, yakni laporan peristiwa aktual dan penting.

Perbedaan Pers, Media, dan Jurnalistik

Dari uraian pengertian tentang pers, media dan jurnalistik di atas, maka kita dapat menyimpulkan perbedaannya sebagai berikut:

Pertama, pers merupakan lembaga penerbitan atau perusahaan media. Secara ringkas, Pers = Lembaga.

Kedua, media merupakan sarana penyebarluasan informasi, produk pers atau produk lembaga penerbitan. Secara ringkas, Media = Sarana.

Ketiga, jurnalistik merupakan proses atau aktivitas peliputan, pengelolaan, dan penyajian informasi aktual yang dituangkan di media dengan naungan lembaga penerbitan. Secara ringkas, Jurnalistik = Proses/Aktivitas.

Akhirnya kita mengetahui apa saja maksud dari ketiga kata tersebut, dan kita juga dapat mengetahui perbedaan ketiganya yang selama ini mungkin kita tidak mengetahui.


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